Optical and Electron microscopy

Microscopy is the study of fine structures and morphologies using the wide range of microscopy techniques available, which can resolve the details of an object ranging from the millimeter to the sub-nanometer scale.
Electron microscopy and its supplementary techniques have been used extensively in most scientific fields. In addition, microscopy has been and is currently being used successfully in wood research to observe wood cells and their sub-cellular components.
The invention of the light microscope led to the discovery and description of cells, and it remains influential in wood research. Several sophisticated microscopy and spectroscopy techniques are available, providing high-resolution information about wood cells at the molecular level; e.g.,
Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM),
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM),
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), 

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