GATE (TF) Textile 2017 Question Paper Solution | GATE/2017/TF/45

Question 45 (Textile Engineering & Fibre Science)

Group I consists of weave designs. Group II lists end-use / property. Match the weave design from Group I with the corresponding end-use/ property from Group II.

Group IGroup II
P. Leno 1. Furnishing
Q. Honeycomb2. Broken and irregular surface
R. Jacquard 3. Mosquito net
S. Crepe4. Towel
(A)P-3, Q-4, R-1, S-2
(B)P-4, Q-1, R-3, S-2
(C)P-1, Q-2, R-4, S-3
(D)P-3, Q-4, R-2, S-1
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Frequently Asked Questions | FAQs

What is leno weave used for?

Leno weave is a type of weave commonly used in textile manufacturing. It involves two warp yarns twisted around each other and interlaced with a weft yarn. The result is a strong, durable fabric with a distinctive open-weave structure.
Leno weave is often used for fabrics that need to be lightweight yet strong, such as sheer curtains, mosquito nets, and some types of gauze bandages. The open weave structure of leno fabric allows for air to flow through the material easily, making it suitable for applications where ventilation is important.
Leno weave is also commonly used in the production of denim fabric. In denim, leno weave creates the distinctive diagonal pattern known as the twill weave, which gives denim its characteristic strength and durability.
Overall, leno weave is a versatile weaving technique that can be used in a variety of applications where strength, durability, and ventilation are important.

What is honeycomb fabric used for?

Honeycomb fabric is a type of fabric that is created with a unique cellular structure, which resembles a honeycomb. This fabric is made using a variation of the dobby weave, which produces small diamond or hexagonal shapes that create the distinctive honeycomb pattern.
Honeycomb fabric is highly versatile and is used in a wide range of applications, including clothing, bedding, and upholstery. Due to its unique structure, it has several beneficial properties, including:

Breathability: The honeycomb structure of the fabric allows air to circulate easily, making it a popular choice for clothing and bedding items.

Absorbency: The tiny cells in the honeycomb structure also allow the fabric to absorb moisture easily, making it a popular choice for towels and other absorbent products.

Durability: The honeycomb structure makes the fabric strong and durable, which makes it ideal for upholstery and home decor items.

Lightweight: Despite its strength, honeycomb fabric is lightweight, making it comfortable and easy to wear.

Honeycomb fabric is also used in the production of sportswear, as it is breathable and can wick moisture away from the body. It is also used in the production of insulation materials for buildings, as the honeycomb structure creates pockets of air that can help to regulate temperature and provide insulation.

Overall, honeycomb fabric is a versatile material that is valued for its strength, durability, and unique cellular structure.

What is the weave of jacquard fabric?

Jacquard fabric is a type of fabric that is woven on a special loom called a Jacquard loom. The weave of Jacquard fabric is characterized by its intricate and complex patterns, which are created by using a system of punched cards to control the movement of the loom. This allows for a wide range of designs and patterns to be created in the fabric, including floral patterns, geometric designs, and abstract motifs.
The Jacquard loom uses a system of punched cards to control the warp and weft threads of the fabric. Each card represents a different part of the pattern, and as the cards are fed through the loom, the threads are lifted or lowered to create the desired design. This system allows for incredibly intricate patterns to be woven into the fabric, making Jacquard fabric a popular choice for high-end clothing, upholstery, and home decor.

What is the application of crepe weave?

Crepe weave is a type of weave that creates a fabric with a crinkled or pebbled texture. This is achieved by using high-twist yarns and a special weaving technique that creates a twisted, irregular surface. The resulting fabric is lightweight, durable, and has a unique texture that makes it suitable for a variety of applications.
Some common applications of crepe weave include:

Clothing: Crepe fabrics are commonly used in the production of dresses, blouses, skirts, and other lightweight garments. The unique texture of the fabric gives it a distinctive look that can be dressed up or down, making it versatile for both formal and casual wear.

Home Decor: Crepe fabrics are often used in home decor applications such as curtains, drapes, and upholstery. The textured surface of the fabric adds depth and dimension to a room, and the durable nature of the fabric makes it suitable for high-traffic areas.

Accessories: Crepe fabrics are also used to make a variety of accessories such as scarves, ties, and handkerchiefs. The lightweight nature of the fabric makes it comfortable to wear, and the texture adds visual interest to these accessories.

Overall, crepe weave is a versatile weaving technique that can be used in a variety of applications. Its unique texture and lightweight nature make it a popular choice for clothing, home decor, and accessories.

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