GATE (TF) Textile 2018 Question Paper Solution | GATE/2018/TF/19

Question 19 (Textile Technology & Fibre Science)

Application of a fluorochemical based finish on a textile fabric imparts
P. Water repellency
Q. Oil repellency
R. Soil repellency
S. Soil release property

(A)P, Q & R only
(B)Q, R & S only
(C)P, R & S only
(D)P, Q & S only
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Frequently Asked Questions | FAQs

What is fluorochemical finish in fabric?

Fluorocarbon finishes are a type of chemical finish that are commonly used on textiles, particularly outdoor and performance fabrics. These finishes are applied to the fabric to improve its water and stain resistance, as well as its durability and lifespan.
Fluorocarbon finishes are made up of long-chain molecules that repel water and oil, preventing them from penetrating the fabric. These finishes work by creating a thin, invisible layer on the surface of the fabric that causes water to bead up and roll off, rather than soaking in. This makes the fabric highly water-resistant and stain-resistant, as well as easier to clean.
Fluorocarbon finishes can be applied to a wide range of fabrics, including natural fibers like cotton and wool, as well as synthetic fibers like polyester and nylon. They are commonly used in outdoor and sports apparel, as well as in upholstery fabrics and carpets.

What are flourochemicals used for?

Fluorocarbons are a type of chemical compound that are widely used in various industries for their unique properties. One of the most common uses of fluorocarbons is in the production of fluoropolymer resins, which are used in a variety of applications, including non-stick coatings, electrical insulation, and high-performance films.

In the textile industry, fluorocarbon finishes are used to improve the water and stain resistance of fabrics, as well as their durability and lifespan. These finishes are commonly applied to outdoor and performance fabrics, as well as to upholstery fabrics and carpets.
Fluorocarbons are also used in the production of firefighting foams, as they are effective at extinguishing fires caused by flammable liquids like gasoline and oil.

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