GATE (TF) Textile 2009 Question Paper Solution | GATE/2009/TF/36

Question 36 (Textile Engineering & Fibre Science)

For increasing the taper angle on a sectional warping machine, on would require to

(A)Increase the traverse speed
(B)Decrease the traverse speed
(C)Increase the warping speed
(D)Decrease the warping speed
[Show Answer]

Option B is correct

Frequently Asked Questions | FAQs

What is sectional warping machine?

A sectional warping machine is a textile machinery used in the weaving process to prepare warp beams for the loom. It is an essential step in the preparation of warp yarns, which are the lengthwise yarns that interlace with weft yarns to create woven fabrics. The purpose of sectional warping is to accurately and evenly wind a predetermined number of warp ends onto a warp beam in a controlled manner.
Here are the key features and functions of a sectional warping machine:
Creel: A sectional warping machine typically has a creel, which is a structure that holds multiple packages of yarn. The creel can be designed to accommodate a large number of yarn packages, arranged in a specific order according to the desired pattern or design.
Tensioning and guiding system: The machine has a tensioning and guiding system that ensures the yarns are properly tensioned and guided as they are wound onto the warp beam. This system helps to maintain uniform tension and alignment of the yarns throughout the warping process.
Lease rods or reed: The machine may include lease rods or a reed, which are used to maintain the separation and order of the warp ends during the warping process. They ensure that the warp ends are evenly spaced and properly aligned, preventing tangling or crossing of the yarns.
Sectional warping drum: The heart of the sectional warping machine is the sectional warping drum. It consists of a large cylindrical drum with evenly spaced grooves or pegs, called sections, around its circumference. The number of sections corresponds to the number of warp ends required for the weaving pattern.
Yarn separation: The warp ends are separated into individual groups, with each group corresponding to a section on the warping drum. This separation is achieved by passing the yarns through a comb-like device or through separators.
Winding onto the warp beam: As the warping drum rotates, the yarns are wound onto the warp beam in a controlled manner. The rotation of the drum and the movement of the warp beam are synchronized to ensure precise and even winding of the warp ends onto the beam.
Sectional warping offers several advantages over other warping methods. It allows for precise control over the number of warp ends and their arrangement, which is crucial for intricate patterns or designs. It also minimizes the risk of yarn breakage and tangling during the warping process, resulting in more efficient and reliable warp beam preparation.
Once the sectional warping process is complete, the warp beam, which now contains the accurately wound warp yarns, is transferred to the loom for weaving. The sectional warping machine plays a critical role in ensuring the quality and efficiency of the weaving process by providing accurately prepared warp beams for the loom.

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